INTERNAL SPECIFICATIONS RELATED TO THE INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

INTERNAL SPECIFICATIONS RELATED TO THE INDUSTRIAL BUILDING pdfresizer.com pdf resize page 0012

Specification: A detailed description of the design and materials used to construct a building. These details include information such as materials, the scope of work, installation process, and quality of work.

Internal specification: Internal specifications seek to address the operational requirements of an industry. These include things like design, product handling, quality standard etc.

1. FLOORING
Industrial floors play an important role when it comes to operation as all processes are operated on the floor. The strength and durability, among other factors, are important. The flatness and the level are also crucial when it comes to MHE (Material Handling Equipment). To achieve these, a precise specification has to be derived and executed. These require attention from the design stage to post concreting stage and involve various processes and measures. Flooring is a highly technical subject and needs to factor in dynamic load, static load, joints, levelling, surface (abrasive/ dust free etc) groove filling, soil compression, strength etc. The common technology used are VDF, FM2, laser screed and Tri mix.

2. BUILDING TYPE & ROOFING
Multi-level building are most commonly RCC or mezzanine floors with sheet metal structures. Old roofing such as ACC is not commonly preferred today due to being tough to repair for leaks and also is a fire hazard. Galvanium steel and Zinc Roofing are the most commonly preferred types of roofing.

PEB (Pre – engineered buildings) are the order of the day with sheet metal roofs primarily of processed steel. Modern PEB (pre engineered buildings) follow Jack beam engineering have wide SPANS and less pillars to enhance efficiency

3. VENTILATORS
Ventilation is a method of controlling an indoor air environment with air flow.
Internal ventilators are used for internal air flow within the building. To deal with heat building up within a shed, it is important to adopt roof turbo or ridge ventilators or other forms of air exchange ventilators. External air exchange is
mandatory in tropical climates.

4. INSULATION
Metal warehouses consume a large amount of energy to maintain the desired temperature. Thus, a perfect insulation layer with suitable R-value is applied to the ceiling, exteriorand interior walls. Insulation helps in keeping the air inside the building cooler and prevents or blocks the absorption of head from external sources. Bubble insulation and fire proof fibre glass insulation used in India reduce costs by saving energy and create a comfortable working environment.

5. FIRE SAFETY – SPRINKLERS, HYDRANTS & EXTINGUISHERS
A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. It is not intended for use on an out-of-control fire, such as one which has reached the ceiling, endangers the user (i.e., no escape route, smoke, explosion hazard, etc.), or otherwise requires the expertise of a fire brigade.

A fire hydrant is a (most commonly colored red) pipes from which firefighters can
obtain water for putting out a fire. These need to be provided for certain types of material that is produced/ stored

Sprinkler system is a system of piping designed in accordance with fire protection engineering standards and installed to control or extinguish fires. The system includes an adequate and reliable water supply, and a network of specially sized piping and sprinklers which are interconnected. The system also includes a control valve, motors and a device for actuating an alarm when the system is in operation guiding people to exit through Fire Safety doors.

6. CEILING HEIGHT
The increase in ceiling heights is largely driven by warehousing and logistics companies looking to maximize the cubic space of a warehouse. This is also needed for heavy engineering industries that use EOT cranes and move heavy equipment. Earlier the size of a warehouse was simply a computation of it’s square footage
(length times width), the current generation of warehousing now multiplies height. Indeed, if a company can add another set of racking it will find new efficiencies with the added space and efficiency of rental. Height of ceilings also help in better temperature management.

7. ABILITY TO OPERATE RACKING SYSTEMS
One of the fundamental tools in material handling industry, racking (rack) is a steel structure composed of two or more upright frames, beams, and connectors for the purpose of supporting materials in storage. Welding, bolting or clipping are the typical methods to assemble them. Steel pallet rack structures are built to
enable operators to maximize the storage of products vertically while providing accessibility for order picking, protecting the product, as well as organizing the flow of product within a warehouse. This helps in reducing rentals for a warehouse.

8. EOT CRANE PROVISIONS
EOT crane is extensively used in factories, workshops and warehouse sheds for unloading or relocating heavy load. This requires a shed with a structure and foundation built to be able to manage and sustain the weight of the movement of this load.

9. DOCKS, LEVELLERS, SHUTTERS & LOADING BAYS
A loading dock or loading bay is an area of a building where goods vehicles are loaded and unloaded. They are usually extended areas outside the building envelope where goods can be placed and checked prior to loading and post unloading without affecting the internal activity within the shed. They are most commonly needed for warehouses. Loading docks may be exterior (mostly with canopies), flush (in line) with the building envelope, or fully enclosed within the building A dock leveler is a piece of equipment that causes an alignment for the different heights between a building and a vehicle. It is usually either mounted to the dock face or recessed into a pit at a loading dock door allowing movement of industrial vehicles (most commonly fork lifts) between a building and a transport vehicle to assist in seamless movement and ease for loading and unloading. Docking areas have running canopies for up to 7 meters to enable material handling even during rains.

The number of shutters and loading bays required for better efficiencies in material handling should be optimum for your operations. More shutters add up to safety and security issues while less can cause operation delays and additional costs. More shutters also mean more apron areas for parking and movement of vehicles for inbound and outbound logistics.

10. OFFICE SPACE
Every factory/ warehouse requires a space for its management. From workstations to cabins to conference rooms an office with complete infrastructure is mandatory for operations and client and team meetings. This could be on a mezzanine level with the space bring used below.